Ya llegamos a quinto

Bienvenidos una vez más a esta aventura musical.
Este año haremos un recorrido por los distintos tipos de música que podemos encontrar y para ello nos haremos de esta herramienta que nos ayudará a seguir mejor las clases e ir repasando en casa.
Y, ¿Qué mejor manera de empezar que hablando sobre lo que es la música?

Unit 1 : The art of music

 Music is something you hear and feel. It is an art and its relation with other art forms makes it even more special.

Music is the art of combining sound and silence in a creative way.

There is always sound in nature. You can hear the wind, animals, rivers, etc. Absolute silence does not exist.

Everything around us vibrates, either when it moves or when it comes into contact with other objects.

Vibration produces a sound that is transmitted through waves either in the air, water or other means.

The ear perceives these sounds, identifies their properties, and creates an auditory sensation in our brain.

All the sounds we perceive have four properties: pitch, duration, dynamics and timbre.

Silence appears when there is no sound. Music needs both silence and sound.


A choir can be considered a musical instrument, but it is not made of wood or metal. A choir is composed by people. It is the sum of the voices of the singers.                                   Sometimes, all the voices sing the same melody (cantan al unísono).                                                                                  Some others, they are divided into groups singing different melodies (polifonía).                                                                    Most times, the choir sings alone (a capella).The conductor coordinates the different voices.

We can find different choir depending on the kind of singers that participate on it.


Some other composer also wrote important masterpieces having to do with this seasons and the most important festivals during this months as Mozart, Schubert or Verdi.
Oh, Lacrimosa (Requiem de Mozart)


If you look for the word “flamenco” in your dictionary, you will find different meanings.  But, when talking about music, we are interested in a concrete one.
The word flamenco refers to one of the most important and famous kinds of music from Spain.
Flamenco is a type of music with an ancient origin and diverse roots.  It has elements from central Europe, mixed with elements from Spanish and Arabian cultures.
Flamenco is really similar to Andalusian folk music, especially regional dances like the well- known “sevillanas”.
Flamenco is composed of instrumental music and vocal music, but the dance called “palos”  is also present in most of its variants. Some of the most common ones are: Soleá, Bulería, Fandangos, Tangos, Granaína.

When talking about “palos” we may distinguish between the basic ones (or the original dances such as soleares, tonás….), and the derived ones. The derived ones are the ones influenced by Spanish or Latin American folk music as: sevillanas or malagueñas from Andalucía; or guajiras and colombianas from Latin America. 

Flamenco is a unique form of expression, based on three fundamental bases: cante (singing), guitarra (guitar) and baile (dancing). This music style is admired by the public, writers, artists and intellectuals around the world. It is music that is alive, full of sense and sensibility.  It is a way of life itself.
Romans, Arabs, Jews, and Christians all brought to Spain their laws, customs, and their different and varied music.  What happened, then? The traditions that formed part of their cultures mixed and evolved with the inhabitants’ ones, so that, the result of that amazing cluster or union is the richness of flamenco music.
All in all, Flamenco is a fusion of cultures, music and feeling, and definitely a fusion of art
Singing is one of human beings´natural ways of expressing feelings. One of the first known styles of singing in Flamenco is called “tonás”. It is sung without the guitar, and its lyrics are related to several melancholic feelings.  From this style of singing come several derivations such as martinete, debla, carcelera or saetas.

When talking about flamenco, the most attractive and complete component may be the dancing. Dance in Flamenco is its most versatile form of expression, and also the one which is most admired and accepted abroad. Thus, in addition to its individual beauty and constant evolution, it also allows singing and playing to be admired at the same time.
Dancing is, as the music itself, a universal language. It is perhaps the one that first makes an impression and touches our sensibility because of its beauty, exuberance and majesty.


In Flamenco, the guitar is an essential element with an enormous responsibility. It has a huge importance as the accompaniment to singing. This is because the guitarist needs to be paying special attention to tonalities in each moment, and to the introduction of the proper “falsetas” in order to properly adjust to the measures and not annoy the singer.           

SIGNOS DE PROLONGACIÓN  (calderón, ligadura y puntillo)

The pause sound over or under a note indicates we can extend this notes till we want.


This family implies three different classifications of string instruments. But all are instruments whose sound comes from the movement or the vibration of a string.

Bowed strings--> These instruments are played using a bow. bowed strings 

Plucked strings --> Strings that can be played or plucked using fingers or a pick. harp or clave

Strike strings --> Strings are hit using a king of little hammers.piano


Music makes us move.

Music and dance have always been closely related.
A simple clap or the banging of two sticks can be enough to make us start dancing. And in the case of classical dance, a whole symphony orchestra is at the service of dancers.

Dances for everyone.

 Through dance we have fun, we express ourselves and we relate to others.
Our ancestors used ritual dances in their ceremonies, often with a religious character.

Many traditional dances began as ritual dances. As time passed they transformed according to new trends or simply to adapt to new social conventions. One example is the  Haka

In seventeenth century France, the first dances that told a story were performed in palaces for the entertainment of the king and the nobility. This was the origin of ballet or classical dance.

Ballet dancers wear  costumes that consist of tights and a tutu or short skirt, and are designed for ease of movement. The shoes are designed to allow dancing on tiptoe.  Ballet performance.

On the other hand, different types of dances such as the tango, salsa, rock and roll or break-dance were born in cities. These types of dances are called street dances, and they are all about  entertainment and the relationships between the dancers.

Today, the art of dance continues to evolve. Modern dance adapts itself to new tastes that are constantly emerging.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     break- dance



Traditional music is an asset that all of us should cherish and preserve.
In Spain, all the autonomous communities have a unique musical folklore. When you combine all the traditions of each autonomous community the result is one of the richest cultural representations in Europe.

--> What traditional songs do you know?
--> Why do you think it is so important that we preserve our traditional music?


In Spain there is an ancient and abundant cultural tradition that is reflected in its music. Spanish folk music is rich and varied, in its songs and dances, as well as in the instruments.

Many folkloric events have religious origins. Examples of this are in the romerías or pilgrimages, which are festivals with songs and dances that are interpreted for and around a chuch. There are also folkloric events related to the seasons of the year, to different work activities, to traditional trades and to rural life.

The jota for example is, with its many variants, the most widespread traditional dance in Spain. It is accompanied by thitars, mandolins, lutes, flutes, drums and a large number of percussion instruments.

In addition to music, all these musical events are characterised by the traditional instruments that are used. Each musical performance is linked to certain traditional instruments, which explains the existence of such a wide variety of instruments.

Interest in traditional music has grown considerably lately. Many contemporary artists have merged moder melodies and instruments with those more commonly used in the past opening new avenues of musical creation.
Carlos Núñez



Music and cinema.

              On 28 th of December, 1895, Lumière brothers showed in Paris the first film in history: it was a documentary about a trains arriving to the station.

              For many years, films were silent and any dialogue appeared written below the picture or on cards between the scenes.
              To create an atmosphere, theatres hired muscians who performed live music suitable for each scene.
               Nowadays, music is still very closely linked to cinema and sometimes soundtracks become even more famous than the film they were created for.

 " The lion's cage" by Charlie Chaplin
 "Eating machine" by Charlie Chaplin

Music is used in many ways in films. It creates tension and suspense in thrillers and horror films. It sets the mood in romantic scenes and it adds to our sense of triumph in victory scenes. It is used to introduce and represent certaisn characters such as the villain or the hero.

Silent films disappeared in 1927, when the first films with dialogues and music was showed: “The jazz singer”. Since that moment the sound and the image has been inseparable. 

--> Do you remember the music of any film you have seen?
--> Do you think music makes a film more or less enjoyable?

Music in films.

              Music in films not only serves to accompany the scenes. Filmmakers also use music to express emotions and create moods. They also often use musical settings to characterise places or characters.
diegetic music appears directly onscreen.
   There are two main types of music in films. Diegetic music is part of the story being told. For example, the music you hear when a musician appears onscreen, or someone turns on a radio or television. 
 In contrast, non-diegetic music is made to accompany the film, without showing where or who it is coming from onscreen. For this reason it is often called 'background music'.

              To identify a specific character, an object or a feeling, film soundtracks use a leitmotif. A leitmotif is a specific melody or musical passage that you hear when, for example, the character it represents appears onscreen. It is used to show the character's mindset and convey their personalty to spectator.    Example of leitmotif: dark vader

               Furthermore, not only music and dialogue, but also the sound of objects, background sound and that produced by special effects are extremely important for the soundtrack of a film.

Si queréis seguir investigando sobre cine... en el cole se ha hecho un blog super interesante que no podéis dejar de visitar: cinema en el juan de mena